Type Academy

Type Academy

An Overview of Cognitive Processes

What these are and why they are useful

There are eight Jungian function-attitudes or Cognitive Processes:

  • Information Gathering (Perceiving) Functions
  • Extraverted Sensing (Se) and Introverted Sensing (Si)
  • Extraverted Intuiting (Ne) and Introverted Intuiting (Ni)
  • Decision Making (Judging) Functions
  • Extraverted Thinking (Te) and Introverted Thinking (Ti)
  • Extraverted Feeling (Fe) and Introverted Feeling (Fi)

We all can potentially access all eight functions. The MBTI was designed to assess which functions we naturally prefer to use.


For ease of understanding when working with clients, the functions have been named in the following way:

Information Gathering: Perceiving Functions Decision Making: Judging Functions
Extraverted Sensing (Se) Experiencing Extraverted thinking (Te) Systematizing
Introverted Sensing (Si) Recalling Introverted Thinking (Ti) Analyzing
Extraverted Intuiting (Ne) Brainstorming Extraverted Feeling (Fe) Harmonizing
Introverted Intuiting (Ni) Visioning Introverted Feeling (Fi) Valuing